Grevena prefecture is characterized from the mountainous volumes of Pindos mountain range with the beautiful forests and running waters, the rich historical tradition and the fights for freedom. The region was part of ancient Elimia, base of the Doric tribes. In all the prefecture are many archaeological discoveries.
The capital of the prefecture, Grevena is built on an altitude of 530 metres on the banks of Greveniti river, a tributary of Aliakmonas. The name Grevena is first mentioned in a 10th century AD text and is possibly of Latin origin. In the Byzantine years and on Ottoman domination it was a transportation and commercial center. It is freed from the Ottomen in 1912, while during the German possession in the 2nd World War it was a center of the resistance.