The city is built on the bank and on the peninsula that enters into the graphic lake of Kastoria on an altitude of 600 metres. Kastoria is known for the process and trade of fur that brought economic blossoming in the region. Samples of this boom are its mansions with notable architecture. The houses are built on the hill slope looking over the lake around which are squares, parks, restaurants and coffee shops.
The lake of Kastoria or Orestida is enclosed by mountains and shapes a natural basin which is a wetland with a lot of seldom aquatic and predatory birds.
The mountainous area of Grammos has forests of beeches, planes, firs, pines, chestnuts and is the shelter for wild animals and birds. In Grammos are the sources of rivers Aliakmon and Sarantaporos and the preserved monument of nature the forest of Barougas.
The mountainous complex of Vitsi has thick forests of beeches and is an ideal biotope and shelter for many animals threatened by extinction like the coffee bear, deer, wolves and wild boars. Vitsi with its traditional settlements, the forests with the small lakes and the enchanting routs is offered for walks and excursions.
- The limnetic prehistoric settlement in Dispilio, found in the southern bank of the lake. The discoveries of the excavations showed that the prehistoric man had the know-how and tools in order to fish, hunt and cultivate the land. On the excavations site is shaped an archaeological park and in the museum is a representation of the prehistoric settlement.
- The Petrified forest of Nostimo 20.000.000 years old with tropical plants and palms that are the only ones found on continental Greece and are of great interest for the study of the development of the plants.
- Discoveries of the ancient Dioklitianoupoli in Argos Orestiko.
- The 60 Byzantine Churches of the city of Kastoria dated from the 9th until the 19th century. More known is Virgin Mary Koubelidiki, built at the first decades of 11th century.
- the church of Saint Georgios Omorfokklisias of the 13th century with marvellous hagiographies.
- the beautiful stone bridges in various places of the prefecture.
- the Byzantine Museum that has pictures, sculptures, mosaics, woodcuts etc from the 12th up to the 17th century.
Information: 24670 – 26781
- The folklore Museum accommodated in the mansion of Nerantzi Aivazi. Between other objects of daily life and feasts there is also a representation of a laboratory of fur dressing.
Information: 24670 – 28603
Its history is long through the centuries as the prehistoric and archaeological discoveries testify. The wider region is identified as the ancient Orestida where Orestes Macedonians lived, as Herodotus mentions them. The Roman historian Titos Levius reports the city of Orestidas with the name Kilitron. In 197 BC the Romans occupy the region and later the Byzantine emperor Dioklitianos names the city Dioklitianoupoli. In later years the city was attacked a lot of times from barbarians and was depopulated. Emperor Ioustinianos builds on its ruins and fortifies the city that exists until today. The name Kastoria that is reported since the meta-byzantine years, it took from the castors that lived in its lake. Until the Ottoman domination the area was occupied from Bulgarians, Serbs, Normen e.t.c. The people of Kastoria participated at the revolution in 1821 and in the Macedonian fight.
Access – Transport
Kastoria KTEL (Public Bus Service)
0030 24670 83455
Thessaloniki KTEL (Public Bus Service)
Macedonia Public Bus Service
0030 2310 595440
Athens KTEL (Public Bus Service) – Kifisos station
0030 210 5152548
Kastoria airport “Aristotelis”
Argos Orestikon 52200 Kastoria
0030 24670 21700
12 km from the city of Kastoria
Area: 1.720 sq. km
Kastoria prefecture belongs to the administrative regional unit of Western Macedonia and includes the municipalities of Kastoria, Nestorio and Argos Orestiko.