The capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, Sparta is 225 km from Athens and has 15.000 residents.
The modern city is built at the same position as the ancient city. Sparta is full of trees, parks and well preserved public buildings. The city has an intense night life and many juvenile resorts. Sparta is a modern and beautiful city, one of the best in Greece.
Unfortunately the discoveries of ancient Sparta are minimal however one can visit the temple of Athena Chalkioikos, whose adoration terminated at 4th century AD, the temple of Artemis Orthia, the Menelaio (5 km), where glorified Menealos and Helen were worshipped, and the sanctuary of Amyclean Apollo (5,5 km.) near the village Amykles.
In the city of Sparta are the statue of the legislator of the city Lykourgos, the statue of king Leonidas and the Leonidion, a building looking like a temple where according to tradition the bones of the glorious king were transferred and buried.
The city has many neoclassic buildings among them the theater, the Town hall, the Juridicial Mansion and the Archaeological Museum. Also, admirable are the Public Central Library, the Koumantarios Art gallery and the Municipal Market.
The region is inhabited from the neolithic era and the first king was Lelegas. Sparta was built in the middle of the fertile plain along river Evrotas. In 1.100 BC when the Dorics came, Sparta was built, the bigger Dorian centre of Greece and dominated in Greece mainly after the Peloponnesian War.
Sparta was conquered by the Romans in 146 BC and was ravaged from the Goths in 395 AC.
In 750 the Slavs came, was conquered by their Franks in 1204 and by the Tyrks in 1458 while from 1685 to 1715 dominated the Venetians. Liberation came in 1828.