Karpathos is the second bigger island of Dodecanese with area 301 sq. km. The central and north part is mountainous with thick forests and graphic villages, while the south part has fertile valleys with springs, and beaches in paradise bays.
Karpathos or Pigadia capital town and main port of the island, is identified as the ancient Potidaeo or Posseidaeon. At the entrance to the port, is the rock bearing the remains of the acropolis.